Sultan Al Neyadi, the first long-duration United Arab Emirates astronaut, floats in the International Space Station in early March 2023. (Image credit: NASA)
The first Emirati astronaut in space will witness the beginning of Ramadan with the arrival of the new moon as soon as tonight (March 22).
Astronaut Sultan Al Neyadi arrived in space on March 2 after launching into orbit aboard a SpaceX‘s Falcon 9 rocket in a Crew Dragon spacecraft. He is working aboard the International Space Station for the next half-year on the first-ever long duration mission flown by a United Arab Emirates (UAE) astronaut.
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and in 2023 will last from roughly March 22 to April 23, depending on local sightings of the crescent moon. The Islamic calendar follows the moon, meaning that the dates change yearly in relation to the Gregorian calendar that most of the world uses.
While most adult Muslims must fast from dawn to sunset as one of the five Pillars of Islam, Al Neyadi may not participate for operational reasons.
“We’re actually allowed to eat sufficient food and to prevent any escalation of lack of food or nutrition or hydration,” Al Neyadi said of Muslim travelers during a pre-flight press conference on Jan. 25.
He added that his priority will be serving the mission, as he cannot do activities “that can jeopardize the mission or maybe put the crewmember in a risk.”
Al Neyadi is not the first astronaut to mark Ramadan in space; the first-ever Muslim to go to space(opens in new tab), Prince Sultan bin Salman Al-Saud of Saudi Arabia, arrived towards the end of the holy month on June 17, 1985, on the weeklong space shuttle mission STS-51G.
The Emirati astronaut is scheduled to perform 19 dedicated experiments on topics like back pain, plant biology, cardiovascular health, material science, radiation, sleep, and fluids, according to an overview(opens in new tab) provided by the Mohammad Bin Rashid Space Centre that manages the UAE astronaut program. Two outreach experiments with students are also planned to look at dental or oral cells in space, along with blood flow.
In his first press conference from space on March 6, Al Neyadi said he is still adjusting to floating around in space, but enjoying the process. “I’m still coping, I’m still learning, but hopefully I will enhance my skills in the coming days.”
Elizabeth Howell is the co-author of “Why Am I Taller(opens in new tab)?” (ECW Press, 2022; with Canadian astronaut Dave Williams), a book about space medicine.
The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Coverpage’s editorial stance